The history of the region Collaguas where the Valley of the Colca is located, begins approximately in the year 200 of the Christian era with a reduced population in charge of family nuclei.
After the deterioration of the culture Wari (1100 after Christ) they make their appearance in the region the Collaguas, town dismembered aymará of the nation Lucana.
Finally with the appearance of the Inca culture the ethnic headquarters of the region opted for an alliance politics that was sealed, according to the oral tradition, with the marriage among Tancay Suckles Yanchi, daughter of the curaca of Coporaque, and the Inca Mayta Capac.
In the XIX century they were removed the Curacas and in their place they put on the Mayor's offices of Indians, with the time the mayors would become domestic servants of the ecclesiastical authorities.
Approximately at 7 a.m. we pickup the passenger at their hotel then we leave to the Colca Valley. Inside that circuit we will take the ancient route that is more interesting that the current one, since the ancient highway goes among two volcanoes, which are the Misti and the Chachani. Hence, it allows us to enjoy a very rich geological landscape and, also, there is the possibility of seeing "guanacos" which are andean camelids almost extincted here in Peru.
Approximately after a two hours' trip, we will find the main route that goes to the Colca Valley. In this sector, that is named "Pampas Cañahuas" we will be able to watch the "vicuñas" which are non-domesticated camelids that live freely onto the "Aguada Blanca y Salinas" National Reservation.
In this part of our trip, it is possible to use the rest rooms placed in "Chasqui Pampa".
After this, we willl go to the "Bofedales of Tocjra Pampa" where we will be able to watch different kinds of birds like black ibis, andean duck, "guayatas", "the pajaro bobo", Andean gulls, etc.
Near this place we will be able to find herds of "llamas" and "alpacas".
In this part of our trip we will be at a height of 4 850 meters over the sea level (In a place named "Mirador de los Volcanes"). Here, we will have an outstanding view of the different volcanoes (also called "the volcanic belt of Southern Peru) and a partial view of the Center Andes Mountain Chain.
After approximately 6 hours of travel and visits we will arrive to the valley of Colca, specifically to the town named Chivay, which is the biggests one, where we will be able to enjoy thermal waters with a temperature of 38 Celsius degrees, also, also we can visit the museum next to the thermal waters. In the evening we will continue our trip towards Cabanaconde town placed at 3 287 meters over the sea. In the road we will be able to watch and to photograph pre Inca terraces known as "andenes", ceremonial stones, the colonial church of the village of Yanque and finally we will arrive to the "Cross of the Condor".
Comments.- Before to get to Cabanaconde town, we can do trekking of 45 minutes in the condor cross, in this trek are two good viewpoints that allow us to see the depth of the canyon and its prolongation..
This small trekking is between the cure viewpoint and the Condor cross. This trekking is highly recommended by our customers.
To do this trekking you need to cancel the visit to the hot springs of Chivay and to have enough time to walk.
We do the visit of the Colca Valley in the afternon ´cause in the morning there are hundreds of tourists. We sleep in the town of Cabanaconde and not in Chivay, because in Cabanaconde there are also good hotels and the village is more typical (fewer tourists). On the second day we don't get up at 4:30 a.m to see the condors, because we go two times to the Cross of the Condor. The first time is in the afternon of the first day of our trip, where, frecuently, some condors could be seen. The second time is in the morning of the second day, but we can get up at 7 a.m.and not at 4:30 a.m because the distance of Cabanaconde to "Cross of the Condor" is reached in just 25 minutes.
If you sleep in Chivay you would have to wake up early in the morning in order to reach the Cross of the Condor in 2 hours (or 42 kilometers) including visits.
Stay in Cabanaconde in the chosen hotel.
At 7:40 we leave the hotel in direction to the Cross of the Condor where we will be able to watch the flight of the condors. This is optional because if we see condors on the first day we might continue with the following visits. On this day we do something different to the other tourist companies. Our return trip will not be by the same road we used to come to the Colca Canyon. We will take the "Panamerica Sur " highway because in our way we will see the town of Huambo, where we will observe to twin dwarf volcanoes (those are prolongations of the Valley of the Volcanoes) Then we will raise up to 4 200 meters over the sea level and then descend until the desert of Atacama (Aprox 500 meters over the sea level) in the Peruvian south, where, we would be able to appreciate how the man could changed this desert (one of the driest in the world) into a fertile land, because we find agricultural products like chili, paprika and a lot of milk-production's cows turning that place in a sort of oasis. we arrive to arequipa at 5 p.m
Observations: Very Important, Because that this isn't a traditional trip(on the second day) there aren't any stores or malls, so the WC services aren't available because they don't exist, If is necesary you could contribute ecologically with the earth humus to the fields of the zone, using some big rock there.
Under this choice most of the trail is dry, Of course we can see the Andean Cordillera and the prolongation of the desert, However we must recognize that the desert and a part of the cordillera, can not please to all our customers.
This choice is directed to people who like to do tours isolated from tourists without having basic services on hand, as restaurants or bathrooms.
The 60% of the distance in this day is bumpy, It’s a path that is not paved and the state of the route during the trip skips a bit. In fact the journey is interesting but we must have a spirit of geologist in order to make the most of this part of the journey.
Here We present you an alternative on the second day, We hope you enjoy it
Second Choice.-7: 45 am after having breakfast we go to condor cross (25 min. By car) Here we stayed about one hour trying to see the flight of the condor.
Then we continue our journey towards Pinchollo and before getting to Maca town, we take a divert and we cross the Colca river towards the right bank of the river Colca.
The right bank of the river Colca .- This part of the Colca Canyon is less visited by tourists and not visited for the classic tours .In this part of the valley there are typical towns of colonial style which are not visited by tourists, these towns are: Lari / Ichupampa / Coporaque. In these towns you can walk and explore through the typical streets and appreciate the quiet life in the Andes.
Here, between Ichupampa and Coporaque we stop in a particular and different viewpoint: “ Occolle viewpoint "since this place we can appreciate a series of terraces that takes shape of an amphitheater.
And for people who like to walk, here can do trekking between 45 min in an hour.
Then we’ll continue by Chivay town. Having lunch, to continue towards Arequipa city. The time we get 4 or 5 pm.
This choice is intended for people who like to do something different, being in the middle of pre-Inca terraces, and enjoy a part of the Colca Canyon that is not visited by the classic tours. Directed towards people who like to do good sightseeings in typical villages without many tourists.